Attention all installers and users: Anyone planning to install the MIDIJACK II must first read this Quick Installation Manual and the Analog User Manual before starting work. These manuals must be read fully and understood completely. If you are unable or unwilling to read them for any reason, refer the installation effort to qualified personnel. Qualified means that they have read and understood these manuals. No amount of prior synthesizer or electronic repair experience will substitute for this reading. Any attempt to start work without this required reading may void the factory warranty.
Applications and Quick Installation Method
All of the information required to install the MIDIJACK II in any compatible synthesizer is contained in this manual, even if the synthesizer was unknown to Synhouse at the time of this writing. The complete theory of application is described herein. There are no pictures or diagrams in this manual because the theory of application is much too broad and conditional to exist in a single picture. There are eight wires on the MIDIJACK II, but some of them will be unnecessary and remain unconnected. There are no installations which require all eight wires. In some cases, as few as four wires will be used and four left unused. Please read all of this manual before starting work on your synthesizer.
The Synhouse MIDIJACK II is designed specifically for Hertz/volt analog monophonic synthesizers such as Korg, the Yamaha CS-series, and others of that type. Although the popular Korg MS10, MS20, and MS50 are generally referred to as being of the Hertz per volt type, they also have a built-in linear-to-exponential converter which puts a volt per octave input on their control panel. This enables compatibility and use with both the Original MIDIJACK MIDI system for volt/octave synthesizers and the MIDIJACK II MIDI system for Hz/volt synthesizers. The advantage of using the MIDIJACK II for the MS-series is that the Hz/volt scaling is inherently more stabile over temperature than a typical Moog-type volt/octave VCO design.
It helps to be familliar with analog synth repair, but the MIDIJACK II can be installed by anyone who can solder it to the right points. The average installation takes about 30 minutes. The board mounts by drilling only four small holes for the screws, MIDI function button, and tuning offset adjustment trimmer. A paper drilling template and all mounting hardware is included in the MIDIJACK II hardware packet. The MIDIJACK II circuit board itself is only about the size of a single stick of chewing gum, less than 3" x 1". Having an extremely low profile, it can be fitted inside most analog synthesizers between the control panel and the circuit board behind it.
These short form
instructions will allow anyone to make their own installation in a hz/volt-type
synthesizer, providing that the installer knows enough about the
signal flow of the instrument to locate the proper cutting and connection
points. More detailed instructions, diagrams, and photographs
for many specific popular synthesizer models can be found on the Synhouse
website at http://www.synhouse.com
under Analog User Modifications. Before starting any work,
check the website to see if the installation method for your particular
synthesizer model has already been described in detail. If so,
it will save time and help prevent mistakes. If not, the following
information will help you find the correct connection points for most any
MIDIJACK II-compatible synthesizer. You can do this installation
yourself if you have a little experience with electronic repair and the
soldering of wires and circuit boards. If not, there are two
other installation options: 1) Ship the synthesizer to Synhouse
L.A. for Factory
Installation or 2) Hire a professional repair shop in your area
to install the MIDIJACK II for you, but be certain that they are
experienced in the service of analog synthesizers. Many have tried
and failed at first because they were unwilling to read these manuals,
causing damage to the synthesizers and resulting in delays and added expense
for the customers. If you intend to do your own installation,
it is best to download these notes and photos and print them out on paper
to look at while working on the instrument and make notes and check off
the steps as you go. As with any project, it is best to completely
read and understand each step of the instructions before starting work.
If you have any questions, please email them to email@example.com
before proceeding. All repairs and modifications made to your instruments
will be done at your own risk and Synhouse Multimedia Corporation assumes
no liability for personal injury caused or damage to equipment or loss
of use caused directly or indirectly by the use of these plans. If
in doubt, don't do it!
Standard installations: Most analog monosynths generate a control voltage and gate signal from their own keyboard, route those signals through switches built into the CV/gate jacks on the back of the instrument and then into the synthesizer voice of VCOs and envelope generators. This method will be referred to as plug insertion switching, where the CV and gate input jacks have a normally-closed (connected) single-pole, single-throw switch built into them which is opened (disconnected) when a plug is inserted into the jack. With no plugs inserted, the CV and gate signals generated by the built-in local keyboard goes right through the jacks via the closed switches into the synthesizer voice. With plugs inserted, the built-in local keyboard is disconnected from the synthesizer voice, and the external CV and gate signals go into the synthesizer voice. The Synhouse MIDIJACK II is a small computer that generates analog control signals and has input wires and output wires that route the local keyboard signals through an internal computer-controlled analog switching matrix. When installed in the correct manner which puts the MIDIJACK II "downstream" of the existing analog interface jacks, the user may choose between MIDI control or normal use of the keyboard and CV/gate jacks. To install, the user simply disconnects one wire from each of the existing CV and gate input jacks and solders two of the easy color-coded MIDIJACK wires to those jack terminals, and solders the disconnected wires to two more wires on the MIDIJACK wiring harness, then solders two MIDIJACK wires to the synthesizers' own power supply to provide power for the MIDIJACK. When MIDI is activated by pressing the MIDI function button, the analog keyboard is automatically disconnected by the MIDIJACK computer and the analog synthesizer can be controlled from MIDI computer sequencers, keyboards, or any other MIDI controller. When MIDI is turned off, the MIDIJACK automatically removes itself from the signal path and the instrument is returned to normal keyboard and CV/gate operation.
Nonstandard installations: There are two basic types of nonstandard installations. The first type is where the MIDIJACK II must be installed in a synth that has no CV/gate input jacks to solder onto. With a standard installation type, it's a snap because the signals are right there at the panel and you do not need synthesizer schematics to locate the correct signals. If a synth has no CV/gate input jacks, such as in a Korg 800DV, the MIDIJACK II will still work, but the proper signals must be located. This often requires a look at the schematics for the instrument. When the correct points containing the built-in local keyboard CV/gate signals are found, the signals must be tapped into and isolated by disconnecting the wires or cutting the traces on the circuit boards where they are found. Then the MIDIJACK wires are connected to those points. Such an installation is difficult to perform for the first time and should not be attempted by a novice. The second type of nonstandard installation is where the synthesizer does not truly disconnect the keyboard while under external CV/gate control, such as in some Korgs. In these instruments, the incoming control voltage is summed (or combined) into the local keyboard voltage, and the resulting pitch is a combination of the two, where the local keyboard can be used to transpose the incoming MIDI notes. This type of installation is even easier than the standard type, because there is no local keyboard signal to be bypassed, so there may be two fewer wires to be connected.
For power, the MIDIJACK II requires a regulated or unregulated voltage of at least 12 volts DC but less than 30 volts DC, and the current consumption is very low, approximately 30 mA. The MIDIJACK must have at least +12 volts DC input to allow it to be stabile and put out the top MIDI note 127 which is +10.58 volts. Nearly any analog synthesizer has such a voltage available for use.
Please note that the MIDIJACK II is for MIDI input only. It receives MIDI note messages and generates CV and gate signals to control the synthesizer. It will not allow the built-in local monophonic keyboard to function as a MIDI master controller keyboard and it does not transmit any type of MIDI commands. The CV and gate inputs referred to in the schematic below are only used to allow the MIDIJACK to bypass the built-in local keyboard. When the MIDIJACK is turned off, the computer connects the input wires directly to the output wires as if it were never installed. Where the note says (switched) or (unswitched), switched means that this output signal is internally disconnected by the computer when MIDI is turned off, and unswitched means that it remains connected even when MIDI is off, which may affect some S-Trigger circuits as described later in step 14.
The factory wiring harness is color-coded for easy installation, but the wires may also be located by counting from the MIDIJACK #1 black wire (ground) which has the legend H1 silkscreened on the circuit board next to it, all the way over to the twisted pair of wires that go to the DIN jack which are #9 orange and #10 gray.
MIDIJACK II WIRING
HARNESS CONNECTION SCHEMATIC
H1 (silkscreen marking next to #1
#1 O------------------black wire/ground-------------------------------------------------------------
#2 O------------------red wire/+12-+30v regulated or unregulated power input-----
#3 O------------------blue wire/CV input (for bypass)------------------------------------------
#4 O------------------white wire/CV output (switched)-----------------------------------------
#5 O------------------yellow wire/V-Trigger gate input (for bypass)----------------------
#6 O------------------green wire/V-Trigger gate output (switched)-----------------------
#7 O------------------brown wire/S-Trigger output (unswitched)--------------------------
#8 O------------------violet wire/auxilliary MIDI function input------------------------------
wire/MIDI input--------------------------------DIN jack pin 4
(#9 and #10 wires are a twisted pair)
#10 O------------------gray wire/MIDI input------------------------------------DIN jack pin 5
Important note: When the MIDI is off, some MIDIJACK wires are internally connected to each other to allow the MIDIJACK to bypass itself. The MIDIJACK #3 blue wire (MIDIJACK CV input) is connected to the MIDIJACK #4 white wire (MIDIJACK CV output) and the MIDIJACK #5 yellow wire (MIDIJACK gate input) is connected to the MIDIJACK #6 green wire (MIDIJACK gate output). When the MIDI is on, MIDIJACK #3 blue wire (MIDIJACK CV input) and the MIDIJACK #5 yellow wire (MIDIJACK gate input) are disconnected internally and the MIDIJACK #4 white wire (MIDIJACK CV output) and MIDIJACK #6 green wire (MIDIJACK gate output) are providing the MIDI-controlled CV/gate signals. What this means is that when the MIDI is off, it is as if the MIDIJACK had never been installed and the synthesizer reverts to the original circuit and signal flow.
The complexity of the MIDIJACK II installation and the method of operation varies from instrument to instrument, as well as by the level of customization desired by the installer. Some possibilities for custom installations are discussed in the MIDIJACK II Advanced Installation Manual. Most S-Trigger-type synthesizers use a slightly different (and easier) method of installation than others. Also, some instruments are made of plastic and therefore the holes for the DIN jack, switch, trimmer, and mounting screws can be cut easily with the tip of an X-Acto knife, while other synthesizers are all metal and will require the use of a power drill and a small hand tool called a chassis punch. Many synthesizers have wooden sides, metal panels, and plastic surfaces as well. The correct mounting hardware is provided for all applications, whether the synthesizer material is wood, metal, or plastic. There is plenty of space on any analog synthesizer to mount the MIDIJACK with the provided hardware. No matter what the instrument, the installation of the MIDIJACK II is the easiest analog MIDI modification of all. In some cases, if the synthesizer has CV/gate jacks wired to the rear panel, the MIDIJACK may be installed without even removing a single circuit board from the instrument. The 1/4" jacks do not need to be unscrewed from the back panel. They may be left in place and soldered right on the spot. The correct analog I/O signals are easy to find and connect to the MIDIJACK.
1) Be sure to have the correct tools and supplies for for the job. If you do not have them, get them. A digital multimeter (DMM) is highly recommended for this and any other synthesizer work, although not entirely required for this particular job. If you buy a simple one, you will never regret it, as it will come in handy when testing and fixing audio cables, tuning synthesizers, testing 9v batteries, etc.. One can be purchased from any electronics store, or mail ordered via internet or telephone from a place such as Jameco at http://www.jameco.com or (800) 831-4242. Jameco is a friendly supplier of parts and tools that may be helpful for MIDIJACK installation such as digital multimeters (DMMs, they have part no. 119212 Pocket multimeter for $16.95), wire cutters, solder, and more. You will need a regular size Phillips screwdriver, a smaller size Phillips screwdriver, needlenose pliers, wire cutters or other flush cut nippers, a hobby knife such as an X-Acto, scissors, a soldering iron, solder, electrical insulating tape, and a black Sharpie permanent ink marking pen. If you intend to mount the DIN jack on the back panel with the rest of the interface jacks (highly recommended), you will most likely need to use a chassis punch (a small hand tool that safely cuts a clean hole in a metal panel) to make the hole for the DIN jack, and an electric drill with a 3/32" or similar size drill bit to drill holes for the 4-40 hardware used to mount the DIN jack, and also a 1/4" or 5/16" drill bit to make a pilot hole to start the chassis punch. The correct size for mounting a MIDI DIN jack is 14.5 mm metric or 5/8" SAE (.62"/15.9 mm) in American sizes. A chassis punch may be purchased from any good tool or hardware store. If it is more convenient, a punch may be mail ordered via internet or telephone from Mouser Electronics at http://www.mouser.com or (800) 346-6873. The Mouser part number is 586-3803 for the name-brand Greenlee 730-5/8 (about $30). The cheaper house brand part number is 380-0145 (less than $20). The service from Mouser is unpredictable and the house brand ordered by Synhouse for a test installation took three months to be delivered, while the Greenlee part was delivered in one week. Mouser refused to give even a small discount to customers of Synhouse, so no recommendation is deserved or being made here, and any other source you know of to buy this type of tool is highly recommended and certainly a better place to buy from for all of your needs now and in the future. You will also need an 11 mm wrench (for Greenlee) or 1/2" wrench (for the Mouser house brand punch) or adjustable wrench to turn the chassis punch while cutting the hole. If you choose to mount the DIN jack in the soft plastic portion of a synthesizer chassis, the X-Acto knife will carve out the hole quite easily, and will also make the holes for the screws as well, so no chassis punch, electric drill, or drill bits are needed for this alternate quick mounting method. If you do have a drill available, you may use it carefully at the slowest speed to avoid burning and melting the soft plastic.
2) Fully test the analog synthesizer to be converted to MIDI. Be sure that all functions such as the envelope generator work and that the instrument plays in tune while playing along with a known well-tuned instrument such as a newer digital synthesizer or sampler keyboard. If it doesn't work properly without MIDI, it certainly won't work with it.
3) Extreme caution should be taken while working on a synthesizer which has an AC power cord. Most do, but a few use an external power supply. If a synthesizer has an AC power cord, it should be unplugged while open and even then, the power supply may pose some electric shock hazard due to residual voltage in the power supply.
4) Remove any screws that hold the upper and lower case halves of the synthesizer together.
5) Open the case and turn the synthesizer upside down and shake out any dust and debris that may have accumulated inside the instrument over the years.
6) Determine the place where the MIDIJACK II circuit board will be mounted and test fit the board into its correct place inside the case. It is best and safest to mount the MIDIJACK board and route all of its' wires far away from the terminals of the high voltage power transformer, fuse, and power switch. If the MIDIJACK board is to be mounted on a plastic panel, do not use a high-speed power drill or a center punch to mark the holes. Mark the correct mounting holes on the panel with a pencil, marker, or needle using the provided paper drilling template held in place with tape. If the panel of the synthesizer is made of soft plastic, a high-speed power drill will build up friction, generate heat, and burn the plastic permanently. You may use a power drill if you have one that is slow enough, or use an X-Acto knife. Use a standard X-Acto knife blade with the sharp point and twist it in place until it starts to dig a little hole. When it gets close to reaching the other side, you can look inside and see the tip coming through and dig back from the inside as well. A perfectly round hole can be shaped using this technique. If the MIDIJACK board is to be mounted on a metal panel, it is best to use a power drill to make the holes. Mark the correct mounting holes on the panel with a pencil, marker, needle, or center punch using the provided paper drilling template. Carefully drill four holes in the panel.
7) Remove the two black Phillips screws and the six black steel flat washers from the top of the MIDIJACK aluminum mounting brackets. They have temporarily been loosely assembled to the top of the MIDIJACK at the factory to protect the tall plastic switch during shipping and handling. Do not remove the aluminum mounting brackets from the board. They are tightly assembled at the factory. The two Phillips screws are required but the washers are optional parts that may be used to shim the board away from the panel if it is thin metal. If the panel is thick plastic, only one or none may be needed. The switch should protrude through the panel only about 1 or 2 mm. Mount the MIDIJACK in place without fully tightening the screws and try to make sure the holes are the perfect size. The switch should be fitted so well in the panel that the switch stem will not wiggle at all once in place. It should not have any free play but also should not be so tight that it binds. When the switch is pressed, it should have a definitive "click" and bounce back like the button on a new VCR. You will never regret spending too much time on this and good attention to detail will make the perfect MIDIJACK installation. The hole in the panel that is over the MIDIJACK scale adjustment trimmer should be enlarged so the Synhouse Pocket Screwdriver can fit through the panel for periodic adjustment. The screws that secure the MIDIJACK board in place should be tightened very carefully. If the panel is plastic, do not overtighten the screws. If the panel is metal, the shiny edges of the holes can be touched-up with the black Sharpie permanent ink marking pen. Such an installation will be nearly invisible, yet put the MIDI function button right at the players' fingertips. For the serious Analog User and synthesizer collector, an ultra-clean installation pays off.
8) Determine the place that the MIDI input DIN jack will be mounted. The perfect place is on the rear jackpanel along with the existing analog interface jacks. For a metal panel, it is advisable to use a chassis punch to make the hole for the DIN jack. Use the provided paper template held in place with tape to mark the correct spots to drill and cut. Remember that the DIN jack should be mounted with the smaller 4-40 hardware size rather than the larger 6-32 size that secures the main board. Drill two holes for the screws then drill a slightly larger hole in the center to act as a pilot hole for the chassis punch. Use the chassis punch to cut the hole and be sure that the wrench is turning the tool from inside the synthesizer chassis, not outside, so the cutting edge is coming from the outside. This will ensure that the outer edge is perfectly smooth. The MIDIJACK hardware packet contains both long and short 4-40 screws for the DIN jack. Use the two short ones for installation on a thin metal panel. When all three holes are perfect, put the DIN jack in place inside the chassis and secure with the two screws from the outside, and the four split washers and two 4-40 nuts on the inside against the back of the DIN jack and tighten with a small Phillips screwdriver from the outside and the needlenose pliers from the inside. These should be very tight as they are going onto the metal surface of the DIN jack. On a metal panel, the way to make this look like original factory equipment is to mount the DIN jack inside the panel after marking the bare metal edges of the hole with a black Sharpie permanent ink marking pen to match the original black finish of the chassis. If the panel is plastic, the way to make it look like original factory equipment is to mount the DIN jack outside the plastic panel instead of inside the panel as in a normal MIDIJACK installation. This will conceal the somewhat jagged edge of the plastic and prevent the heads of the screws from digging into the panel. To do this, mark one of the two wires (#9 orange or #10 gray) at the terminals of the DIN jack with a marking pen or tape to remember the polarity then desolder both wires. Use the paper template held in place with tape to mark the panel, or turn the DIN jack upside down and use it as its' own template. Do not use a chassis punch (it will crack) or drill (it will melt and burn) to make the hole for the DIN jack. Be absolutely certain that the jack is dead-centered, then proceed with cutting the two holes for the screws with the tip of an X-Acto knife, remembering once again that the DIN jack is to be mounted with the smaller 4-40 hardware size rather than the larger 6-32 size that secures the main board. The MIDIJACK hardware packet contains both long and short 4-40 screws for the DIN jack. The two long ones will probably be best and easiest to use when mounting the DIN jack on a plastic panel. The holes should be barely large enough to fit the screws into and hold the DIN jack (still upside down) completely straight. A hole should then be cut right in the center between the two as a pilot hole for what will be the biggest hole of the three. The center hole should be carefully carved out with an X-Acto knife, preferably from the inside of the case so that if you slip and scratch, no one will see. When all three holes are perfect, put the DIN jack in place with the two screws from the outside, and the two split washers and 4-40 nuts on the inside against the plastic and tighten with a small Phillips screwdriver from the outside and the needlenose pliers from the inside. These should be fairly tight as they are going onto the metal surface of the DIN jack. The wires to the DIN jack may be reconnected by soldering at this time. If the panel is wooden, the way to make it look like original factory equipment is to mount the DIN jack outside the wooden panel instead of inside the panel as in a normal MIDIJACK installation. This will conceal the somewhat jagged edge of the hole in the wood and prevent the heads of the screws from digging into the panel. To do this, mark one of the two wires (#9 orange or #10 gray) at the terminals of the DIN jack with a marking pen or tape to remember the polarity then desolder both wires. Use the paper template held in place with tape to mark the panel, or turn the DIN jack upside down and use it as its' own template. Use a drill bits to make the holes for the DIN jack and the screws. Drill the two holes for the screws, remembering once again that the DIN jack is to be mounted with the smaller 4-40 hardware size rather than the larger 6-32 size that secures the main board. The MIDIJACK hardware packet contains both long and short 4-40 screws for the DIN jack. The two long ones are for installing the DIN jack in a wooden panel up to 5/8" thick. The holes should be barely large enough to fit the screws into and hold the DIN jack (still upside down) completely straight. A hole should then be drilled right in the center between the two as the large hole for the body of the DIN jack. When all three holes are perfect, put the DIN jack in place with the two screws from the outside, and the two split washers and 4-40 nuts on the inside against the wood and tighten with a small Phillips screwdriver from the outside and the needlenose pliers from the inside. These should be very tight. The wires to the DIN jack may be reconnected by soldering at this time. If done cleanly and correctly, the analog synthesizer will look like it had MIDI when it came from the factory.
9) The MIDIJACK #1 black and #2 red
wires must be soldered in place to get the ground and positive (+) voltage
to power the MIDIJACK. To do this, you must first find the
correct place to obtain the proper ground and power from the existing synthesizer
circuitry. There are many places you may connect to get the ground,
but one good one would be at the terminal of one of the CV or gate jacks
that carry the ground, the part contacting the sleeve of the plug.
All of the jacks on the synthesizer, including the audio output,
should have a common ground. Any other ground point inside the instrument,
such as on the circuit board, is just as good. Such a point can best
be located by using the continuity test function of a digital multimeter
to ensure that it does conduct to the sleeve of the jacks on the rear panel.
A good place to connect MIDIJACK wires is often the end lead of a resistor
or capacitor that is connected to the desired signal, in this case
ground. The wire from the MIDIJACK harness can simply be wrapped
around the bent end of the lead and soldered in place, making a strong
solder joint. This will almost always make a solder joint that
has more mechanical strength than one made by soldering the MIDIJACK wire
onto a copper circuit trace on the synthesizer circuit board. Another
reliable way to find the correct connection points is by looking at the
schematics in the service manual for your synthesizer if you have it.
Once the ground point is located, solder the MIDIJACK #1 black wire
in place. Locate the proper positive + power signal in your synthesizer.
It can be any regulated or unregulated DC voltage +12 volts DC or greater
but below +30 volts, and nearly any analog synthesizer has such a
voltage available. It is preferable to use the regulated supply when
available, and it almost always is. In some cases, there
is no regulated voltage +12 volts or greater and the unregulated voltage
must be used. Extra special techniques for this one can be found
in the MIDIJACK II Advanced Installation
Manual. Once the positive (+) power signal point is located,
solder the MIDIJACK #2 red wire in place. An ultra-clean installer
may prefer to cut all MIDIJACK wires to the perfect length for the application
at hand, but other users may prefer to save time by using the precut,
stripped, and tinned wires at their standard lengths and there is
no electrical reason not to. It is just a matter of preference and
after the job is done and the synthesizer is put back into service,
who will care?
10) The MIDIJACK CV and gate in and out wires must be connected next. There are two basic types of signal flow in analog synthesizers. Nearly all analog monosynths use plug insertion switching where the keyboard CV is disconnected from the synthesizer voice when a plug is inserted into the CV input jack. To determine if your synth is one of these, play it from the built-in local keyboard as usual, then insert a cable (or bare plug) into the CV input jack and see if the keyboard still plays different notes for different keys. If the keyboard does not play and only one pitch can be heard droning, it has been disconnected because it uses plug insertion switching for the CV. If it does play, it is still connected because it does not use plug insertion switching for the CV. The gate is another matter entirely, where many synths disconnect the keyboard gate, but some do not.
Physically, there are two basic types of analog interface jacks. Your synthesizer has one of them, unless it has no jacks at all, as discussed under nonstandard installations. The first type are panel-mount jacks. These are the older type of jacks which look like the ones used on an electric guitar. They are held in place on the jackpanel by a large nut outside and have solder lug terminals on the inside where wires are soldered to them. The second type are PC-mount jacks. These are the newer type that are inserted into the PC board (printed circuit board) and soldered directly to the printed copper circuit traces on the lower side of the circuit board. Look at the soldered connections which are at the back of the CV/gate input jacks and you will be able to determine which type you have to work with. A MIDIJACK installation will be very easy if the synthesizer has panel-mount jacks as most older synthesizers do. If the synthesizer has PC-mount jacks, it will take a little more thought and analysis beforehand and a little cutting of traces on the circuit board to isolate the signals, but very neat work can be done that will not sacrifice the electronic integrity or mechanical strength of the synthesizer.
These instructions will first describe installation in the type of analog synthesizer which has panel-mounted jacks with solder lug terminals. At the end of this section, before step 14, there will be a general description of how the same work would be performed on a synthesizer which has PC-mount jacks.
11) The CV in and out wires must be connected. Look at the soldered connections which are at the back of the CV input jack. On nearly any analog synthesizer with CV/gate jacks, the sleeve is grounded and the keyboard control voltage coming from the synthesizer's own keyboard is sent in a wire (the IN wire) to a terminal on the CV input jack and routed through a normally closed switch inside the jack that normally connects the signal to another terminal on the jack that sends it (the OUT wire) to the analog synthesizer voice (VCO and VCF) when nothing is plugged into the jack. When a plug is inserted into the jack, the connection is broken (from the IN wire) and the local keyboard control voltage is now disconnected. The tip of the inserted plug is now sent out the terminal to the analog synthesizer voice (through the OUT wire) instead of the local control voltage. You must locate the wire which is the OUT wire at the back of the CV input jack. The best way to do this is to insert a cord or bare plug into the CV input jack and use the continuity test function of a multimeter to probe all of the solder terminals to find the one that is the OUT wire going to the synth voice. This will be the one that conducts directly to the tip of the inserted plug. You should now be able to determine that this OUT wire is no longer conducting to the IN wire with a plug inserted. When you find the OUT wire, remove it from the solder terminal by desoldering it. Solder the MIDIJACK #3 blue wire (MIDIJACK CV input) to the now-empty isolated CV terminal.
12) Solder the MIDIJACK #4 white wire (MIDIJACK CV output) to the OUT wire that you have just disconnected from the terminal. Carefully wrap the solder joint with electrical insulating tape. This will put the MIDIJACK "downstream" from the CV input jack, allowing the synthesizer to be MIDI-controlled by the MIDIJACK, while still allowing the keyboard and analog interface jacks to work as they always have.
Important note: If this concept of
switching and bypassing the CV signals to put the the MIDIJACK "downstream"
from the CV input jack is not immediately and completely clear to you,
you should refer the installation to Synhouse for Factory
Installation to install the MIDIJACK without problems or damage to
13) The gate wires must be connected now. Although there are many different synthesizers, there are only two types of gates used to trigger the envelope generators. The MIDIJACK supports both, but the installation method differs for each of these two types. Both types of installations are described here. Read this section carefully. Korg and Yamaha analog synthesizers generally use an S-Trigger (shorting trigger) which is nearly the opposite of other analog synthesizers which use a V-Trigger (+ positive voltage). For this reason, the MIDIJACK creates a +11v trigger which works perfectly for V-Trigger synthesizers and outputs it via the MIDIJACK #6 green wire, and also creates an inverted version of this signal and puts it at the MIDIJACK #7 brown wire (S-Trigger output, unswitched). When a MIDI note is active, the MIDIJACK #6 green wire is +11v while the MIDIJACK #7 brown wire is 0v. When there is no MIDI note active, the MIDIJACK #6 green wire is 0v while the MIDIJACK #7 brown wire is +11v. They are exactly opposite in polarity. The MIDIJACK installation methods differ for these two types and both are described here.
To install in a V-Trigger synthesizer:
The gate in and out wires must be connected. Look at the wires which
are at the back of the gate input jack. On nearly any analog synthesizer
with CV/gate jacks, the sleeve of the jack is grounded and the keyboard
gate voltage coming from the synthesizer's own keyboard is sent in a wire
(the IN wire) to a terminal on the gate input jack and routed through a
normally closed switch inside the jack that normally connects the signal
to another terminal on the jack that sends it (the OUT wire) to the analog
synthesizer voice (ADSR or other envelope generator) when nothing is plugged
into the jack. When a plug is inserted into the jack, the connection
is broken (from the IN wire) and the local keyboard gate voltage is now
disconnected. The tip of the inserted plug is now sent out the terminal
to the analog synthesizer voice (through the OUT wire) instead of the local
gate voltage. You must locate the wire which is the OUT wire at the
back of the gate input jack. The best way to do this is to insert
a cord or bare plug into the gate input jack and use the continuity test
function of a multimeter to probe all of the solder terminals to find the
one that is the OUT wire going to the synth voice. This will
be the one that conducts directly to the tip of the inserted plug.
You should now be able to determine that this OUT wire is no longer conducting
to the IN wire with a plug inserted. When you find the OUT wire,
remove it from the solder terminal by desoldering it. Solder the
MIDIJACK #5 yellow wire (MIDIJACK gate input) to the now-empty isolated
gate terminal. Solder the MIDIJACK #6 green wire (MIDIJACK gate output)
to the OUT wire that you have just disconnected from the terminal.
Carefully wrap the solder joint with electrical insulating tape.
This will put the MIDIJACK "downstream" from the gate input jack,
allowing the synthesizer to be MIDI-controlled by the MIDIJACK, while
still allowing the keyboard and analog interface jacks to work as they
Special note: If your synthesizer is of the type which has both V-Trigger and S-Trigger inputs available, always use the V-Trigger input and install as described in the previous paragraph. The V-Trigger method is always a better method, with or without MIDI. If your synth is S-Trigger only, follow the directions in the next paragraph.
To install in an S-Trigger synthesizer: Most S-Trigger synthesizers never completely disconnect the keyboard from the trigger circuit with a switched jack as they should. For this reason, the local keyboard will still trigger the envelope generator even with the MIDI activated, or while external CV/gate control is being used. The MIDIJACK #7 brown wire (S-trigger output, unswitched) must then be connnected in parallel with the existing trigger wire, using a small signal diode to isolate the signal so the local keyboard will still work when the MIDI is turned off. The correct type of diode is included with the MIDIJACK in the accessory packet, but may also be purchased locally at any electronics store such as Radio Shack as a 1N914 or 1N4148 or equivalent type of switching diode. You must now find the S-Trigger signal. On the trigger jack, the tip will usually be the OUT wire. Locate the wire which is the OUT wire at the back of the S-trigger jack solder terminals. Just to be sure, if there are two terminals and you are not sure which one, you can use the continuity test function of a multimeter to probe the solder terminals. The one that is connected to ground when the synth is unplugged is not the one. When you find the correct wire soldered to the terminal, leave it connected as it is and solder the anode end of the diode (the end AWAY from the little black band) to this point and solder the MIDIJACK #7 brown wire to the cathode end of the diode (the end with the little black band). In summary, the MIDIJACK #7 brown wire goes to the band end of the diode, the other end of the diode goes to the same terminal on the trigger jack that still has the S-Trigger OUT wire soldered to it. There will now be a factory wire AND a diode connected to this terminal of the jack. The MIDIJACK #5 yellow wire and #6 green wire are not required for for adding MIDI to an S-Trigger synth, but it is a good idea not to permanently cut these wires off, as an alternate installation method may become useful later. It is best to wrap the ends of these unused wires with electrical insulating tape and bundle them with the other wires when finishing the installation.
A general description of how the same MIDIJACK CV/gate connections would be performed on a synthesizer which has PC-mount jacks: PC-mount jacks generally have the contacts and switching mechanism inside a sealed case and therefore a continuity tester (DMM or other) may be necessary to find the correct IN and OUT connection points. It will be very difficult to trace this type of circuit with your eyes. It is definitely best to leave the PC-mounted jack securely solder-mounted right where it is, and make your conections elsewhere in the circuit. For instance, if you locate the OUT terminal on the CV input jack by inserting a plug and finding that the tip of the plug conducts to the OUT terminal (using a continuity tester), you would trace the copper circuit trace from the OUT terminal to whatever it goes to on the other end, something else on the same PC board such as a resistor lead. When that is found, it would be best to solder the MIDIJACK #3 blue wire (MIDIJACK CV input) directly to the OUT terminal on the lower side of the PC board, and solder the MIDIJACK #4 white wire (MIDIJACK CV output) directly to that resistor lead on the other end (which might be easiest to do on the top side of the PC board). After that, break the original factory connection to the OUT terminal by cutting the copper circuit trace with an X-Acto knife somewhere between the two solder points. This allows the connections to be made without weakening the mounting strength of the PC-mount jack. An excellent example of this type of work is shown in photos that can be found on the Synhouse website at http://www.synhouse.com under Analog User Modifications in the section describing the installation of an Original MIDIJACK in a Roland SH-1 and the SH-101. An experienced synthesizer technician will actually prefer to do this type of installation with PC-mount jacks because the concepts are both familliar and simple and the end result will be a very neat installation, while a novice installer will prefer the simplicity of connecting to the solder lugs on panel-mount jacks.
Important note: As previously mentioned at the beginning of this manual, your synthesizer may require a nonstandard MIDIJACK II installation because it has no CV/gate input jacks to solder onto, such as a Yamaha CS01. If your synth has no CV/gate input jacks, the MIDIJACK II will still work, but the proper signals must be located within the circuitry of the synth voice. You will need to find the point which has the local keyboard CV and cut it off to break the circuit. One half of this broken connection will be the signal coming from the keyboard circuit, and the other half will be going into the synth voice. Please note that the term "synth voice" does not mean "VCO only". This needs to be the point in the circuit that feeds the keyboard voltage into the VCO and the VCF keyboard tracking amount pot or switch, otherwise you might end up with no keyboard tracking while receiving MIDI notes. The gate signal must also be located, tapped, and isolated. Finding these points in the circuit often requires a look at the schematics for the instrument. When the correct points containing the built-in local keyboard CV/gate signals are found, the signals must be tapped into and isolated by disconnecting the wires or cutting the traces on the circuit boards where they are found. Then the MIDIJACK wires are connected to those points. Such an installation is difficult to perform for the first time and should not be attempted by a novice. If any part of this concept of tapping and isolating the CV/gate signals to put the the MIDIJACK "downstream" from the built-in local keyboard is not immediately and completely clear to you, you should refer the installation to Synhouse for Factory Installation, or to another qualified professional synthesizer repair shop who do the work without risk of damage to your instrument.
Warranty notice: The MIDIJACK II is intended for a standard installation which creates an electrical connection identical to external CV/gate control. When correctly done, the synthesizer will draw almost no current whatsoever through the MIDIJACK #4 white wire (MIDIJACK CV output). When measured with an Ammeter, the current drawn should be less than 1 mA. If it is more than 5 mA, something is seriously wrong and poor performance or damage may be the result of this improper connection. The provided warranty and technical support do not cover improper installations. A handy way to test this application before making all the cuts and connections is to temporarily solder the MIDIJACK output wires to the appropriate plugs and the power inputs to the synth power supply and plug into the CV/gate jacks externally. This is electrically identical to what the connections will be behind the jacks (except for the keyboard bypassing by the MIDI on/off as described in "This is how the MIDIJACK II works" at the beginning of this manual).
14) Now that all connections have been made, it is a good idea to secure the MIDIJACK wires inside the synthesizer so they will not rattle and break loose inside the case once the instrument is returned to service. The MIDIJACK hardware packet contains nylon cable ties which can be used to tie the MIDIJACK wires to the original wire bundles inside the synthesizer (NOT THE AC POWER WIRES!!!). Additionally, you may cut short pieces of electrical insulating tape and use them to secure the MIDIJACK wires to the inside of the synthesizer chassis if there are not enough places to wrap cable ties. You may wish to read the MIDIJACK II Advanced Installation Manual before deciding what to do with any unused wires. With any installation, some wires will remain unused. It is a good idea not to permanently cut these wires off, as an alternate installation method may become useful later. It is best to wrap the ends of these unused wires with electrical insulating tape to prevent electrical shorts and bundle them with the other wires.
15) Carefully examine all soldered connections for possible short circuits before powering or closing the instrument.
16) Close synthesizer case halves and secure with original screws.
17) Test the synthesizer under MIDI control with some type of MIDI controller as described in the MIDIJACK II Analog User Manual.
18) Analog Calibration Mode: When the MIDIJACK II-equipped synthesizer is powered-up with MIDI On Mode previously selected before last power-down, the on-board computer causes it to automatically and silently go into the Analog Calibration Mode where the MIDIJACK #4 white wire (MIDIJACK CV output) puts out the voltage of the highest MIDI note, MIDI note 96, which is factory set to +8.00 volts. This can be adjusted with the tuning offset adjustment trimmer. This note will not be heard at the audio output of the synthesizer because the gate is not active during Analog Calibration Mode. The tuning offset adjustment trimmer affects the tuning of the analog synthesizer while it is under MIDI control and the easiest and most precise way to adjust the setting is by putting the instrument into the Analog Calibration Mode and checking the voltage on the MIDIJACK #4 white wire (MIDIJACK CV output) with a digital multimeter (DMM). This control is for making the initial overall tuning setting. The tuning offset adjustment trimmer is less than one inch away from the MIDI function button and may be adjusted by inserting a small flatblade screwdriver into the control panel opening. A Synhouse Pocket Screwdriver fits perfectly. The tuning offset adjustment trimmer is factory set to be +8.00 volts during Analog Calibration Mode, and may need to be readjusted slightly to compensate for a synthesizer that is improperly calibrated or if the trimmer has accidently been turned away from the factory setting during transport or installation. If the pitch of the synthesizer is too low at the +8.00v setting, the trimmer should be turned up (slightly clockwise), and if the notes are too high, the trimmer should be turned down (slightly counterclockwise). When MIDI notes of C are sent, such as MIDI notes 96, 84, 72, 60, and 48, the voltage will be cut in half for each octave down, putting out the respective voltages of 8.00v, 4.00v, 2.00v, 1.00v, and .50v. This test will show the precision of the MIDIJACK II output and determine if your synthesizer is really calibrated to hz/volt response. If these voltages are seen to be perfect, but the synthesizer does not play in tune while under MIDI control, then the synthesizer is out of calibration. The truth: Many synthesizers were factory made and adjusted to play in tune with their own keyboard, but the external CV/gate inputs were not actually calibrated at all. If no digital multimeter is available when calibration is needed, the tuning offset adjustment trimmer may be set by ear if you have a good sense of pitch. A newer MIDI synthesizer or sample playback keyboard should be used as the MIDI controller connected with a MIDI cable to the MIDIJACK II. The audio outputs of both the analog synthesizer and the newer synth should be connected to a sound system for monitoring. This setup will be helpful as a reference tone to match the analog synthesizers tuning while adjustments are being made. The MIDIJACK II should be in MIDI On Mode and set to the same MIDI channel as the MIDI controller keyboard. Make sure the analog synthesizer's master tuning knob is set to the center normal position. While playing the highest note received by the MIDIJACK II, MIDI note 96, a C note, on the MIDI controller keyboard, the user can turn the tuning offset adjustment trimmer very slowly until the corresponding C note is heard on the analog synth. It may be easiest to hear the tones clearly by adjusting the analog synthesizer so that the filter is open with the frequency set to maximum, the resonance (also known as "Q", or emphasis) set to minimum, and the envelope generators set to sustain, without any vibrato on the oscillators. This analog calibration should only be performed occasionally, as overuse of the tuning offset adjustment trimmer may cause excessive wear and premature failure of the part.
20) This MIDIJACK II installation can be completed in 20-30 minutes for many analog synthesizers. Some synthesizers that require removal of PC boards for the purpose of cutting traces may take from 60-90 minutes. Extra time spent making a perfect installation or other improvements to the machine is time well spent.
Analog User Support
Technical support for Synhouse products is available online for Analog
Users. Send help requests to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Application problems will be researched and answered via email within 24 hours of initial request. Some answers to common problems can be found on the Synhouse website at http://www.synhouse.com under Analog User FAQs.
The MIDIJACK II
Quick Installation Manual must be read fully and understood completely
to qualify for warranty coverage and technical support. The MIDIJACK
is warranted against defects in parts and manufacture for a period of 90
days from the date of purchase. Warranty becomes void if in the opinion
of Synhouse Multimedia Corporation the MIDIJACK has been subjected to unauthorized
service, modification, or unintended installation or usage.
No liability is assumed by Synhouse Multimedia Corporation for any loss
or damage, direct or indirect, resulting from the use of or
inability to use the MIDIJACK.
Copyright © 1/2/2002 Synhouse Multimedia Corporation